Center of Reproductology / Blog / Miscarriage of pregnancy – why it happens and what to do

Miscarriage of pregnancy – why it happens and what to do

Unfortunately, things don’t always work out the way we would like. For every woman to experience a miscarriage is a terrible tragedy and a serious psychological test, but this is not a reason to lose hope and give up. The clinically confirmed percentage of pregnancy losses is 15-20%, but fortunately, with timely medical care, complex conditions are becoming more and more controllable.

Miscarriage of pregnancy is called its spontaneous interruption or termination of fetal development before the due date of delivery, that is, up to 37 weeks. For a competent assessment of the risk of recurrent miscarriages, it is important to understand the difference between accidental and natural pregnancy loss.

The vast majority of miscarriages are accidental and are not a manifestation of pathology. The probability of a repeat of such a situation in the future is extremely low, and the chance of successful gestation during the next pregnancy is always higher than the prospect of its termination. The most common cause of such miscarriages are genetic failures that lead to spontaneous termination of more than half of pregnancies before 12 weeks. A common cause of accidental pregnancy stoppages are also harmful factors, the influence of which is determined not only by the degree of their aggressiveness, but above all by the duration of pregnancy. Basically, this is an infectious damage to the fetus caused by an acute reaction to an attack of viruses or bacteria. Other harmful factors (toxic, stressful) lead to pregnancy losses much less often and, of course, cannot affect childbearing in the future.

A serious cause for concern is the natural loss of pregnancy – in this case, proper medical advice and detailed analysis are necessary. In addition to chromosomal pathologies, the cause of repeated miscarriages may be hereditary or acquired tendencies to increase blood clotting, a violation of the shape and functions of the uterus and cervix, as well as disorders of the thyroid gland and the immune system. To determine the cause of the natural loss of pregnancy in order to further treat and prevent the recurrence of miscarriages, a detailed analysis of the patient’s loss history, diagnosis of uterine abnormalities, examination of the chromosomal set of parents and determination of thyroid function is carried out. On an individual basis, immunological tests can be prescribed, as well as an analysis for antiphospholipid antibodies and a hereditary tendency to thrombosis.

“The vast majority of losses are accidental, unrelated to chronic conditions, without an increased risk of recurrence in the future, – says Ksenia Khazhilenko, Deputy chief physician of the Infertility Treatment Center, head of the department of the Miscarriage Treatment Center. – However, contacting a miscarriage specialist will not be superfluous, because a thorough analysis of the situation will help to identify the causes of the problem and take measures to overcome it.”

In the ISIDA clinic, the problem of miscarriage and other fertility disorders is dealt with by the Center for the Treatment of Miscarriage. Highly qualified, experienced specialists of our Center make every effort to correctly identify the causes of failure and eliminate the possibility of their recurrence. It is important to remember that the best solution is to seek medical advice from specialists outside of pregnancy, because timely correction can significantly affect the situation and increase the chances of a successful pregnancy and the birth of a healthy baby.

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