Pregnancy After IVF
After making it past stressful preparation phase, another challenge comes along. Is carrying a baby conceived as a result of IVF treatment any different from a regular pregnancy?
The worries which go hand-in-hand with the pregnancy achieved by IVF are absolutely natural. However, it is extremely important to keep any false beliefs rejected by science and causing unnecessary distress at bay.
Misconceptions: At the Dawn of IVF
One of the common opinions which should be ignored is that the miscarriage occurs more frequently following IVF procedure than in case of natural conception. Perhaps, this myth is a throwback from the early days of fertility science, when all embryos were transferred into the uterus which often led to multiple pregnancies and thus their termination. In this day and age, the doctors no longer make this procedure and transfer a maximum of two embryos.There were also significant doubts ignited by the use of donor eggs. It was believed that immune system of a woman would cause rejection like that which occurs in the course of transplantation. However, this has been proven wrong by further studies; 100% genetically different embryos will be able to survive. This immunological paradox is explained by the fact that the lesser the similarity between male and female genetic set, the greater the survival potential of their offspring.
There is no scientific evidence that the pregnancy achieved with help of assisted reproductive technologies is more likely to end in miscarriage. Besides, an impressive number of improvements has been made in the field of IVF in the recent years. However, the science is not almighty. The causes responsible for unsuccessful attempts to get pregnant the natural way do not simply vanish and may pose a significant threat in future pregnancies. The key factors include late reproductive age, severe hormonal disorders, as well as other medical conditions.
Before the patient enters the IVF program, all relevant and thorough tests must be done in order to minimize the risks during the pregnancy.
There are two categories:
• checkups having therapeutic purpose and intended to eliminate any possible contraindications to the pregnancy;
• diagnostic procedures aimed at in-depth investigation of any problem for which the woman is seeking help in fertility institution.
The list of the first category is quite standard, whereas finding the best infertility or miscarriage treatment option may require various tests. Everything is different in each particular case.
Intense ovarian stimulation aimed at obtaining the eggs triggers obvious hormone changes in the woman’s body. To minimize the influence of medications, doctors at ISIDA Clinic use the most sparing treatment protocols which are individually selected based on patient’s characteristics, such as the age, hormonal state and ovarian reserve. Similarly, if embryo implantation was successful, an individual maternity plan is worked out to support the woman in the course of her pregnancy.In a number of instances (for example, when there is a risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome), the doctors postpone the embryo transfer and opt for the cryo cycle to be able to prepare the mother’s body for the pregnancy.
Redouble the Attention!
Knowing characteristics of the patients who underwent successful IVF treatment, fertility specialists at ISIDA Clinic can develop individual prenatal care plan. With every passing day the medicine can find more solutions to a number of problems which earlier would cause undesirable results. As far as the complex programs go, My Plus Pregnancy package includes the widest range of services. Since the women carrying twins are a major focus, ISIDA offers a special My Twin Pregnancy package.
Is it possible to deliver the IVF baby only via C-section? The answer to this question is often mythologized just as the IVF pregnancy itself. The point is that the protocols approved by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and regulating this surgery removed in-vitro fertilization from the list of indications a few years ago. Decision to perform Cesarean delivery is prescribed not by the conception method but the course of pregnancy. In case of a normal singlet pregnancy, the woman is recommended to give birth naturally.
Expert Ksenia HAZHYLENKO, Obstetrician/Gynecologist, Physician-Geneticist, Ultrasonic Medical Investigation Specialist at ISIDA Clinic
The course of pregnancy after IVF treatment is slightly different from your regular pregnancy following natural conception. Category of patients requiring particularly careful monitoring are, in particular, the women with multiple pregnancies.