Male infertility: innovative methods of treatment in ISIDA clinic
Often in couples who have problems with the conception of a child, it is women who blame themselves for infertility. In fact, 40% of couples have infertility due to the male factor. In their practice, ISIDA clinic specialists deal with male infertility as often as with the female one.
What is male infertility? It is a decrease in the fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa. Why it occurs? The reasons may vary: abnormalities of testicles, inflammatory infections, toxic effects of polluted environment, traumas. A test for infertility in a couple usually begins with a man - it is faster, easier and cheaper. The first step is a spermogram.
Spermogram is a laboratory analysis of a male sperm, which is performed to estimate the fertilizing capacity of semen. In addition, the spermogram makes it possible to suggest the existence of chronic, inflammatory, and sometimes even oncological diseases in a reproductive system of a man. If the results of spermogram don’t correspond to the normal, the method of assisted reproductive technologies is individually selected, based on a complex examination of the couple.
During the last 20 years, significant progress has been made in the field of male infertility treatment. The development and practical application of in vitro fertilization (IVF) has become an important achievement in the field of infertility treatment. Exactly this method became the solution to the problem of infertility, which was previously considered as incurable.
However, IVF method has very limited opportunities for infertile married couples, whose problem is caused by the male factor. The inability of spermatozoa to penetrate into the egg independently leads to impossibility of performance of in vitro fertilization. That is why in ISIDA clinic for male infertility treatment, apart from IVF, effective modern methods like ICSI, TESE and intrauterine insemination (IUI) are widely applied.
1. Intrauterine insemination is performed in cases when the woman is healthy and the fallopian tubes are passable, while man’s semen characteristics after treatment are sufficient to fertilize the egg after inserting them directly into the uterus. Fertilization occurs naturally in the body of a woman. IUI allows achieving the pregnancy in 25-30% of cases, as it happens naturally.
2. ICSI and TESE make it possible to achieve fertilization of the ovum and pregnancy, even in the most severe forms of male infertility. ICSI is indicated in cases when the level of pathological spermatozoa is increased in sperm and they have low mobility. And the TESE method is used when there is very little or no spermatozoa in the sperm. With this method of treatment, a testicular biopsy is performed and spermatozoa are released directly from the resulting tissue.
The use of modern assisted reproductive technologies and invaluable experience of ISIDA clinic specialists allowed many families to cope with the problem of infertility and experience the joy of parenting!